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Data & Statistics

Middle East: Installed capacity, generation and consumption [free access]

October 14, 2016

The Middle Eastern countries had a total installed generation capacity of over 263 GW at the end of 2015. Of the total installed capacity in the region, around 66per cent is concentrated in three countries—Iran (28 per cent), Saudi Arabia (26 per cent) and Iraq (12 per cent).

 

The Middle Eastern countries have a huge reliance on theirvast oil and gas reserves to meet their power generation requirements. In 2015, thermal power accounted for a share of around 84 per cent of the total installed capacity.However, many countries in the region are currently planning to diversify their generation mix by adding grid-scale renewable energy capacities.

 

In order to meet the growing demand for electricity, the Middle Eastern countries continued to focus on increasing electricity generation in the region. In 2015, they together generated over 1,043TWh and consumed over 854TWh (excluding Lebanon) of electricity. The region has witnessed a substantial increase in its electricity consumption since the last decade, registering a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of around 10 per cent between 2005 and 2015.

 

Table 1: Installed capacity in the Middle Eastern countries as of 2015 (MW)

Country

Thermal

Diesel

Hydro

Renewable and others

Total

Bahrain

3,922

0

0

0

3,922

Iraq

25,788

2,810

2,513

0

31,111

Iran

61,175

0

10,785

1,193

73,153

Jordan

3,456

861

12

127

4,455

Kuwait

17,819

0

0

0

17,819

Lebanon

2,110

650

280

0

3,040

Oman

7,911

347

0

0

8,258

Palestine

140

0

0

12

152

Qatar

8,561

0

0

0

8,561

Saudi Arabia

49,772

1,543

0

17,841

69,156

Sudan

1,370

157

1,593

0

3,120

Syria

8,328

0

1,551

0

9,879

UAE

28,735

34

0

60

28,829

Yemen

835

684

0

0

1,519

Total

219,922

7,086

16,734

19,232

262,974

Note: Thermal power includes steam, gas, and combined cycle.

Source: Arab Union of Electricity, Global Transmission Research

 

Figure 1: Electricity generation and consumption in the Middle East in 2015 (GWh)

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Note: *Consumption figures not available

Source: Arab Union of Electricity, Global Transmission Research