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Saudi Arabia: Electricity Generation Capacity and Consumption [free access]

May 10, 2017

Saudi Electricity Company (SEC), along with its subsidiaries and affiliates, is Saudi Arabia’s state-owned integrated electricity generation, transmission and distribution company. It accounts for over 70 per cent of the generation capacity and holds the sole licence for the transmission and distribution of electricity in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

 

At the end of 2015, Saudi Arabia had an installed electricity generation capacity of 69,156 MW, of which around 72 per cent was based on thermal resources, 26 per cent on renewables and the remaining 2 per cent on diesel. The installed capacity in the country increased at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.8 per cent over the 2011–15 period.

 

Table 1: Growth in Saudi Arabia’s installed electricity capacity (MW)

 

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Thermal

41,566

42,644

45,444

48,208

49,772

Diesel

1,415

1,727

1,969

1,911

1,543

Renewable and others

8,168

9,217

11,049

15,388

17,841

Total

       51,149

       53,588

       58,462

       65,507

       69,156

Note: Thermal power includes steam, gas and combined cycle.

Source: Arab Union of Electricity

 

As of 2015, Saudi Arabia generated 338,336 GWh of electricity while it consumed 286,038 GWh. Between 2011 and 2015, the country’s electricity generation and consumption increased at a CAGR of 7.8 per cent and 6.8 per cent, respectively.

 

Saudi Arabia is a net exporter of electricity. During the 2011-15 period, its power exports increased dramatically, going from 8.3 GWh in 2011 to 512 GWh in 2015. A similar trend was observed in power imports, which increased significantly from 1.2 GWh in 2011 to 461 GWh in 2015.

 

Figure 1: Growth in Saudi Arabia’s generation and consumption (GWh)data1_580

Source: Arab Union of Electricity