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Data & Statistics

Top 10 countries 2021: Installed Capacity, Generation and Consumption [free access]

March 2, 2022

The top 10 countries (with the highest gross domestic product, GDP, in 2021) together had an installed generation capacity of 5,243 GW at the end of 2021. China accounted for the highest share of about 44 per cent, followed by the US with 25 per cent. The 10 countries together generated 17,320 TWh of electricity during 2021. Of the total, China contributed 45 per cent followed by the US and India at 23 per cent and 8 per cent respectively.

 

 

Table 1: Installed electricity capacity and generation by country, 2021

 

Country

Installed capacity (GW)

Generation (TWh)

Brazil

188

632

China

2,320

8,000

Canada

151

589

France

137

517

Germany

232

584

India

402

1,381

Italy

119

278

Japan

297

957

UK

77

308

USA

1,320

4,084

Total

5,243

17,330

Source: Global Transmission Research

 

In 2021, it is estimated that around 16,678 TWh of electricity was consumed in the 10 countries. Of these, China accounted for the maximum share of electricity consumption at about 47 per cent and the UK accounted for the least share at about 1.7 per cent.

 

 

Figure 1: Electricity consumption by country, 2021 (TWh)

  

 Source: Global Transmission Research

Country

Installed capacity (GW)

Generation (TWh)

Brazil

188

632

China

2,320

8,000

Canada

151

589

France

137

517

Germany

232

584

India

402

1,381

Italy

119

278

Japan

297

957

UK

77

308

USA

1,320

4,084

Total

5,243

17,330