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Iran and Azerbaijan discuss joint interconnection projects [free access]

July 15, 2022

Iran and Azerbaijan are focusing on synchronising the power grids of the two countries and enhancing regional energy cooperation.


Also, studies are underway to synchronise the grids of Iran, Russia and Azerbaijan. In addition, transmission lines are already operational between Iran and Turkey, facilitating power exchange between the two countries and connecting Iran to the European power grid. Further, the transmission of electricity from Azerbaijan through Iran to Turkey and Europe, as well as the synchronisation of Irani and Russian electricity networks is being considered.


Azerbaijan is also planning to develop a new transmission line along the Zangazur Corridor, which is an upcoming link between mainland Azerbaijan and its Nakhchivan exclave via Armenia. The proposed line can be used to supply electricity to Nakhchivan, and export it to Turkey and Iran.


On the generation front, the construction of the 200 MW Khudafarin and 80 MW Qiz Qalasi hydroelectric power plants on Araz River at the Azerbaijani–Iranian border is expected to be completed by 2024. The two countries have also planned to develop the Ordubad power plant in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic and the Marazad power plant close to the Iranian town of Marazad.


According to the memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed between the two countries in March 2022, the transit transmission line from mainland Azerbaijan to the Nakhchivan exclave via Iran will be connected to the Khudafarin and Qiz Qalasi hydropower plants via the 330/110 kV Jabrayil substation.